Upsc Syllabus Sociology | IAS Main Exam Syllabus Sociology (optional)

Upsc Syllabus Sociology | IAS Main Exam Syllabus Sociology (optional)

In the IAS exam, art class candidates can also choose Upsc Syllabus Sociology as an optional subject. It is a social subject and examines your depth about the society. Most of the students choose those subjects who have done their graduation from sociology or have also done their masters in sociology.

Upsc Syllabus Sociology Optional
Upsc Syllabus Sociology Optional

Paper – I: Fundamental of the Society

1. Sociology – Discipline:
(a) Modernity and social change in Europe and the emergence of sociology.
(B) Comparison with the scope of the subject and other social sciences.
(C) Sociology and General Knowledge.

2. Sociology as Science:
(A) Science, Scientific Method and Criticism

(B) Major Theoretical Varieties of Research Methodology
(C) Positivism and its Criticism
(D) Fact Value and Fairness.
(E) Non-positivist methodologies.

3. Research Methods and Analysis:
(a) qualitative and quantitative methods

(b) techniques of data collection.
(C) Variables, sample, hypothesis, reliability, and validity.

4. Social thinkers:
(a) Karl Marx- historical materialism, mode of production, segregation, class struggle.

(B) Emil Durkheim- Labor, social fact, suicide, division of religion and society.
(C) Max Weber- Social Work, Ideal Type, Authority, Bureaucracy, Protestant Ethics and the Sense of Capitalism.
(D) Talcott Parsons- social system, pattern variable.
(E) Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and divergence, reference group.
(F) Mead – Self and Identity.

5. Stratification and mobility:
(a) Concepts – equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.

(B) Theory of Social Classification- Structural Functional Theory, Marxist Theory, Weberian Theory.
(C) Dimensions – Social classification of class, status group, gender, ethnicity and caste.
(D) Social mobility – open and closed systems, due to the type, source and dynamics of mobility.

6. Work and economic life:
(a) Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial / capitalist society.

(B) Formal and informal organization of work
(C) Labor and society.

7. Politics and Society:
(A) Social Principles of

Power (B) Power Elite, Bureaucracy, Pressure Groups, and Political Parties.
(C) Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
(D) Protest, movement, social movement, collective action, revolution.

8. Religion and Society:
(A) Social Principles of Religion

(B) Types of Religious Practices: Animism, Monism, Pluralism, Sects, Sects.
(C) Religion in Modern Society: Religion and Science, Secularism, Religious Revivalism, Fundamentalism.

9. System of Kinship:
(a) Family, home, marriage.

(B) Types and forms of family.
(C) Pedigree and lineage.
(D) patriarchy and sexual division of labor.
(E) Contemporary Trends.

10. Social Change in Modern Society:
(a) Social Principles of Social Change.

(B) Development and dependence
(C) Agents of social change.
(D) Education and social change
(E) Science, technology and social change.

Paper – II: Indian Society – Structure and Change

Introduction to Indian Society

(i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society:
(a) Indology (GS Ghuri)

(b) Structural Functionalism (MN Srinivas).
(C) Marxist Sociology (A. R. Desai)
(ii) Impact of Colonial Governance on Indian Society:
(A) Social Background of Indian Nationalism.
(B) Modernization of Indian tradition.
(C) Protests and movements during the colonial period.
(D) Social reform.

social structure

(i) Rural and Agricultural Social Structure:
(a) Consideration of Indian Village and Village Studies

(b) Agricultural Social Structure – Development of land tenure system, land reform.

(ii) Caste system:
(a) Perspectives on the study of caste system: GS Ghuri, MN Srinivas, Lewis Dumont, Andre Bethel

(b) Characteristics of caste system.
(C) Untouchability – forms and approaches

(iii) Tribal communities in India:
(a) definite problems

(b) geographical spread
(c) colonial policies and tribes.
(D) Issues of integration and autonomy

(iv) Social class in India:
(a) Agricultural class structure.

(B) Industrial class structure.
(C) Middle class in India.

(v) System of Kinship in India:

Type of lineage and lineage in India (b) Type of kinship system .
(C) Family and marriage in India.
(D) Household dimensions of the family.
(E) Patriarchy, rights and sexual division of labor.

(vi) Religion and Society:
(a) Religious communities in India.

(B) Problems of Religious Minorities.

Social change in india

(i) Views of social change in India:
(a) Development plan and idea of ​​mixed economy

(b) Constitution, law and social change.
(C) Education and social change.

(ii) Rural and Agricultural Transformation in India:
(A) Programs for rural development, community development programs, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.

(B) Green revolution and social change.
(C) The way of production is changing in Indian agriculture.
(D) Problems of rural labor, bonding, migration.

(iii) Industrialization and Urbanization in India:
(A) Development of modern industry in India.

(B) Development of urban settlements in India
(C) Working class: structure, development, class coalitions
(D) Informal sector, child labor.
(E) Slums and deprivation in urban areas.

(iv) Politics and Society:
(a) Nation, democracy and citizenship.

(B) Political parties, pressure groups, social and political elites.
(C) Regionalism and decentralization of power.
(D) Secularization

(v) Social movements in modern India:
(a) Peasants and peasant movements.

(B) Women’s Movement
(C) Backward Classes and Dalit Movement.
(D) Environmental movements
(E) Ethnicity and identity movements.

(vi) Population dynamics:
(a) Population size, development, structure and distribution.

(B) Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
(C) Population policy and family planning.
(D) Emerging issues: aging, sex ratio, child and infant mortality, reproductive health

(vii) Challenges of social change:
(a) Development crisis: Displacement, environmental problems and sustainability

(b) Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
(C) Violence against women
(D) Caste struggle.
(E) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revival
(f) Illiteracy and inequalities in education

This topic is very popular among women and more women candidates choose it as an optional subject. In Upsc Syllabus Sociology Optional, we have provided the information about the Paper 1 and Paper 2 with ease in Hindi language.


What is the syllabus for sociology in UPSC?

Politics and Society: Sociological theories of power. Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties. Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology. Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.

Is sociology a good subject for IAS?

Sociology is very effective optional. It not only helps you to get good marks in optional paper but is also helpful in Essay and better writing skills

Is sociology a good subject?

Sociology helps us look more objectively at our society and other societies.

Is studying sociology hard?

Sociology is a difficult subject to study because most sociologists are foreigners (German and French) and have the backbone to understand their translated works. ... But sociology is a subject that will give society a broader perspective than other areas of the social sciences.


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