Pallavan Architecture


  • General Studies-I
  • History of ancient india
  • Rock cut architecture
  • Indian Architecture
  • The styles of development of Pallava art can be seen in Mahendra style (610–640 AD), Mamall style (640–674 AD) and Raj Singh style (674–800 AD) respectively.
  • Construction of ‘Mandap’ in architecture started during the time of Pallava king Mahendra Varman.
  • Raja Narasimha Varman established a city called Mahabalipuram aka Mamallapuram at Chingalpet and inaugurated the construction of the ‘chariot’.
  • In the Pallava period both the chariots or the pavilions were made by cutting the stone.
  • The Pallava-era Adi-Varaha, Mahishmardini, Panchapandava, Ramanuja etc. pavilions are particularly famous.
  • ‘Rathamandir’ represents a beautiful example of sculpture in which Draupadi Rath, Nakula-Sahadeva Rath, Arjuna Rath, Bhima Rath, Ganesh Rath, Pindari Rath and Valaiyankutta are prominent.
  • Among these eight chariots, Draupadi Rath is unicameral and the other seven chariots are called Sapta Pagodas.
  • In the last and important ‘Raj Singh style’ of the Pallava period, the construction of temples started with stone, brick etc. in place of Rock cut Architecture.
  • Examples of Raj Singh style are the coastal temples of Mahabalipuram, Panamalai temple of Arcot, Kailashnath of Kanchi and the temple of Baikuntha Perumal etc.
  • Structural temple construction began in the Nandivarman / Aparajita style of the Pallava period and an independent style emerged in South India called the Dravidian style.

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