Optional subject – Philosophy

Optional subject – Philosophy

 Question Paper-1

History and problems of philosophy

  • Plato and Aristotle: suffixes; Matter; Size and shape; Causal expression; Reality and possibility.
  • Argumentism (Dekart, Spinoza, Leibniz): Dekart’s method and unquestioned knowledge; Substance; Divine; Mind-body dualism; Determinism and freedom.
  • Indriyanubhav (Locke, Berkeley, Hume); theory of knowledge; Matter and quality; Soul and the divine; Skepticism.
  • Kant: Possibility of Synthetic Prediction Decision; Dik and kaal; Kautis / options / substances; Argumentative suffix; Prohibition; Metaphysics of the evidence of the existence of God.
  • Hegel: dialectical system; Paramatman
  • Moore, Russell and predecessor Wittgenstein; Garnishment / support of common sense; Refutation of suffixism; Logical atomism; Logical design; Imperfect symbol; Picture theory of meaning; Exposition and performance.
  • Logical positivism; Validation theory of meaning; Rejection of metaphysics; Linguistic principle of compulsory redemption.
  • The later Wittgenstein: meaning and experiment; Language games; Personal / personal language theory.
  • Histology (Herschel); system; Abstract theory; Avoidance of psychopathology.
  • Existentialism (Kirkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger); Existence and essence; Selection, responsibility and authentic existence; Vishwanisat and Calcutta.
  • Quine and Strausson: The Metaphysics of Industrious Experiences; Principle of origin, specific and person.
  • Charvaka: Principle of knowledge; Rejection of psychic elements.
  • Jainadarshan sect; Principle of power; Saptabhangi justice; Bondage and Liberation.
  • Buddhist philosophy; Counterproduction; Transcendentalism, Naturalism.
  • Justification: The Theory of Matter; Theory of appearance; Salutation theory; Soul, liberation; Divine; Salutes to the existence of the divine; Theory of Transaction, Atomicistic Theory of Creation.
  • Sankhya nature; Male; Business sense; Freedom.
  • Yoga: mind; Mood; Tribulation; Samadhi; Cavalry
  • Epistemology; theory of knowledge.
  • Vedanta sect: Brahman; God; Atman; Organism; The world; Love; Avidya; Study; Salvation; Unparalleled accomplishment; Fivefold.
  • Arvind: Development, Development; Complete sum.

 Question Paper-2


  • Social and political ideals; Equality, justice, freedom.
  • Sovereignty: Austin, Bodo, Laski, Kautilya.
  • Person and State: Rights; Duties and Responsibilities.
  • Types of Governance: Monarchy; Theocracy and democracy.
  • Political ideologies; Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism.
  • Humanism; secularism; Multiculturalism.
  • Crime and punishment: corruption, widespread violence, genocide, capital punishment.
  • Development and social progress.
  • Gender Discrimination: Feticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowerment.
  • Caste distinction: Gandhi and Ambedkar.

Religious philosophy

  • Belief of God: quality; Relation to man and the world (Indian and Western).
  • Evidence and existence of God (Indian and Western).
  • Inauspicious problem.
  • Soul: immortality; Rebirth and liberation.
  • Reasoning, Shruti and Faith.
  • Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).
  • Godless religion.
  • Religion and morality.
  • The problem of religious purity and absolute truth.
  • Nature of Religious Language: Analogous and Symbolic; Cognizant and cognizant.

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