Jeranga Pothar and Dhekiajuli Town of Assam

Jeranga Pothar and Dhekiajuli Town of Assam

Why in discussion?

Jeranga Pothar and Dhekiajuli Town of Assam

Recently, the Prime Minister has visited two important historical places in Assam.

  • The first historical place is the Jerenga Pothar of Sivasagar in Assam, where the Ahom princess Joymati sacrificed her life in the 17th century.
  • The second historical place is Dhekiajuli Town of Assam, which is related to the Quit India Movement of 1942.

key points

Jerenga Pother

  • Jerenga Pothar, an open ground in the city of Sivasagar, is quite popular for the valor of the 17th century Ahom princess Joymati.
    • Formerly known as Rangpur, Sivasagar represents the powerful Ahom dynasty, which ruled Assam for six centuries (1228–1826).
    • The Ahom kingdom dynasty was founded by Chho Lung Sukfa.
  • From 1671 to 1681, the Ahom kingdom was undergoing political turmoil, at the same time, Prince Godapani (Joymati’s husband) of the Ahom kingdom fled to the Naga Hills before being captured by enemies.
  • Although Prince Godapani’s enemies captured his wife Princess Joymati in the hope that she would reveal the location of Prince Godapani’s whereabouts, Princess Joymati, despite being tortured and tortured by a barbed plant in an open field for several days Also declined to provide type information.
  • She eventually sacrificed her life for her husband, Prince Godapani became the king of Assam and the era of stability and peace began in Assam.
    • Princess Joymati died at the Jerenga Pothar Maidan in Sivasagar town.
  • Importance of location 
    • The Jerenga Pothar is not a protected archaeological site in itself, although there are many protected sites in its vicinity, to its east is the Na Pukhuri tank, while to the west is the Pohu stronghold, a natural zoo built during the Ahom era.
    • There is a large Joysagar pond near it, which was built by Ahom king Swargadev Rudra Sinha in the year 1697, as well as Vishnu Dole Temple.
    • In the year 2017, the region was also used for the centenary celebrations of the top and influential literary body, the Assam Sahitya Sabha.

Dhekiajuli Town

  • Many experts believe that the youngest martyrs of the Indian independence struggle were probably from Dhekiajuli town in Assam.
  • On September 20, 1942, as part of the Quit India Movement, processions of freedom fighters of Assam called for a march to various police stations in several cities of Assam.
  • Famous as ‘Mriti Bahini’, there was widespread participation of people including women and children in these groups and they were moving with the aim of hoisting the tricolor at police stations seen as a symbol of colonial power.
  • Although the British administration used violence against those who shot at least 15 people in Dhekiajuli Town alone, three of them were women, including 12-year-old Tileshwari Barua.
    • Tileshwari Barua is known as one of the youngest martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle.
    • This is the reason that September 20 is celebrated as Martyr’s Day in Dhekiajuli Town.


  • General Studies-I
  • Indian National Movement

Source: Indian Express

Upsc Histry

Leave a Comment

Share via
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap