ESSAY ON TERRORISM FOR UPSC EXAM

ESSAY ON TERRORISM The main purpose of terrorist groups is to create terror among the people and they like to see people with this fear and fear constantly and to accomplish this purpose they carry out various small and big terrorist activities from time to time. There are more than 100 terrorist organizations operating in India and they are also successful in creating an atmosphere of tension and fear in the country. Many terrorist activities have been carried out by these terrorist groups. India has suffered a lot from terrorist acts committed by its neighboring country, mainly by Pakistan.

ESSAY ON TERRORISM
TERRORISM

Long Essay on Terrorism in India

Terrorist organizations operating in India

Here are some of the major terrorist groups operating in India:

  • Jaish-e-Mohammed: It is a Pakistani terrorist group operating in Jammu and Kashmir, which aims to capture Jammu and Kashmir. The group has also carried out several terrorist attacks to further its goal of the Valley.
  • Lashkar-e-Taiba: It is an Islamism terrorist group operating in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir as well as areas of Jammu and Kashmir in India. It is funded by Pakistan and is responsible for several major terrorist attacks in India.
  • Maoist: After the 2004 talks between left-wing terrorists and the Indian government, this terrorist group was formed by the merger of Naxalite groups.
  • United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA): This terrorist group is responsible for various terrorist activities in the Indian state of Assam.

But ironically, despite the bomb blasts and terrorist activities carried out by these terrorist groups, most of the time the government has failed to reach them and take strict action against them.

Reason for terrorism in India

There are many reasons for wide spread terrorism in India. There are mainly four types of terrorism in India. This includes religious terrorism, narco terrorism, leftist terrorism and ethno-nationalist terrorism. Terrorists associated with various terrorist organizations may come together for different reasons, but all the terrorist organizations operating under them have the same objective and are always ready to create fear and panic on a large scale among the general public. Live

Here are some of the main causes of terrorism in India:

Religion

India is a land of various religions. People of different faiths live in the country with peace and harmony on a large scale, while there are many religious extremist organizations that want to create a rift between them. These groups falsely claim the teachings of their religion and try to prove that their religion is superior to the religion of others. Many violent movements by these groups in the past have disturbed the peace and harmony of the country and many people have lost their lives due to this outbreak.

Ethno-nationalist

This type of terrorism is always instigated by extremist groups. When a major part of the population of a state expresses its desire to separate itself and form its own state / country, it promotes terrorism. The Khalistan movement in Punjab is one of the examples of this type of terrorism. A beautiful Indian state like Kashmir is also suffering from this kind of terrorism because some Kashmiri Islamic groups want to make Kashmir a part of Pakistan. Similarly, Nagaland, Tripura, Assam and Tamil Nadu also suffer from this type of terrorism.

Political scenario

People dissatisfied with the government and the country’s political system constitute a terrorist group. Left-wing extremists in India are known as Naxalism. In the past, Naxalites have been frustrated with the country’s political system and have carried out several terrorist attacks. They have set the goal of overthrowing the government with armed rebellion, so that they can build their own power.

Socio-economic inequality

India is known for its socio-economic inequality. Where the rich and the rich are becoming poorer and the poorer. This creates a sense of inequality among the poor class. Due to which they join terrorist organizations to destroy the upper class people. They mostly carry out terrorist attacks targeting the power people and upper-class areas.

Impact of terrorism in India

Terrorism has had a wide impact on the country. A look at the effects of terrorism in India:

Panic among people

Terrorism in India has created terror among general public. There is an explosion, firing or other type of terrorist activities in the country all the time. Due to this, many people die prematurely and many others have to spend the rest of their lives as disabled. Due to these attacks, there is an atmosphere of tension and anxiety and fear among the general public and people also get scared to get out of their homes.

Impact on tourism industry

People are afraid of going to places prone to terrorist attacks. India’s tourism industry and peacekeeping have been severely affected by the terrorist activities of external and internal terrorist organizations. The tourism industry comes to a standstill for several months due to terrorist activities.

ESSAY ON TERRORISM

foreign investment

Foreign investors tend to think many times before investing in India and other terrorism-prone countries, because the risk is high in such places and they are looking for safe alternatives. Due to which Indian businessmen also face economic loss.

Crisis on economy

There is an adverse effect of terrorism on India’s economy. Many Indian major cities have been affected by terrorist attacks, causing damage to property and businesses, while resurgence costs are much higher in such cases. The wealth of the country, which can be used in productive operations, is invested in replenishing losses caused by terrorist attacks. In addition, the decline in the tourism industry, the lack of foreign investors to invest in India and the increase in international trade rates as a result of terrorism in India, have a major negative impact on the country’s economy.

Brain drain

Many talented youth in India do not want to live in the country due to the low quality of the country and the uncertainties of terrorist attacks. They migrate to developed countries such as the United Nations, Canada and the United Kingdom, which are less affected by terrorist attacks and stronger financially. For this reason, there is an increase in talent migration due to terrorist activities.

Global terrorism

Terrorism is not limited only to the country of India, but it has become a problem of the whole world. The reasons for the formation of terrorist groups in different countries and India may vary. But these reasons mainly include socio-economic inequality, discrimination / segregation, dissatisfaction with the functioning of the ruling party, religious extremism and ethnic nationalism.

Almost every country in this world is suffering from one or the other problems mentioned above and due to this various terrorist organizations have been formed within these countries. These terrorist organizations periodically carry out terrorist attacks within the country to maintain an atmosphere of fear among the general public and rivalry between different countries gives rise to international terrorism. Due to which religious frenzy, economic inequality, difference in aid provided to developing countries develops rivalry or feeling of hatred. The attacks by Pakistan on India and various countries are a clear example of international terrorism.

Countries like Pakistan, Syria, India, Russia, Egypt, Iraq, Libya, Nigeria, Israel, Philippines, Colombia, Somalia, Thailand, Turkey, Yemen and Nepal have been affected by many terrorist attacks in the last two decades and they are both domestic and international Suffer from attacks. The 9/11 incident in the United States has been one of the most heinous and major terrorist attacks in the world.

Terrorist attack in India

India has witnessed many terrorist attacks which have aroused fear and fear among the public and has caused mass destruction. Here are some of the major terrorist attacks which have badly affected India in the last few years: –

  1. 1991 Punjab Massacre
  2. 1993 Bombay bombings
  3. 1993 bombing of RSS office in Chennai
  4. 2000 Church bombing
  5. 2000 Red Fort terrorist attack
  6. 2001 Indian Parliament attack
  7. 2002 Mumbai bus bombing
  8. 2002 attack on Akshardham temple
  9. 2003 Mumbai bombings
  10. 2004 Dhamaji school bombing in Assam
  11. 2005 Delhi bomb blast
  12. 2005 Indian Institute of Science Shooting
  13. 2006 Varanasi bombing
  14. 2006 Mumbai train bombing
  15. 2006 Malegaon bombing
  16. 2007 Samjhauta Express bombing
  17. 2007 Mecca Masjid bombing
  18. 2007 Hyderabad bombing
  19. 2007 Ajmer Dargah bombing
  20. 2008 Jaipur bombing
  21. 2008 bangalore serial explosion
  22. 2008 Ahmedabad bombing
  23. 2008 Delhi bomb blast
  24. 2008 Mumbai attacks
  25. 2010 Pune bombing
  26. 2010 Varanasi bombing
  27. 2011 Mumbai bombings
  28. 2011 Delhi bombing
  29. 2012 Pune bombing
  30. 2013 hyderabad blast
  31. 2013 Srinagar attack
  32. 2013 Bodh Gaya bombing
  33. 2013 Patna bomb blast
  34. 2014 Chhattisgarh attack
  35. 2014 Jharkhand blast
  36. 2014 chennai train bombing
  37. 2014 Assam violence
  38. 2014 Church Street bombing, Bangalore
  39. 2015 Jammu Attack
  40. 2015 Gurdaspur attack
  41. 2015 Pathankot attack
  42. 2016 Uri attack
  43. 2016 Baramulla attack
  44. 2017 Bhopal Ujjain Passenger Train Bombing
  45. 2017 Amarnath Yatra Attack
  46. 2018 dry attack

Some key agencies to fight terrorism in India-

Many police, intelligence and military organizations in India have formed specialized agencies to fight terrorism in the country.

Anti Terrorist Squad (ATS)

Anti-terrorism teams (ATS) operate in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Rajasthan. It is a specialized police force that has adopted a variety of strategies to prevent many terrorist attacks in India.

Research and Analysis Wing (RAW)

Established in the year 1968, RAW is India’s foreign intelligence agency. It contributes to thwart terrorist conspiracies and promotes counter proliferation and guards India’s nuclear program.

National Investigation Agency (NIA)

This agency has been set up by the Government of India to fight terrorism in the country. The unfortunate 2008 started after the Mumbai terror attacks. This agency is empowered to take action against terrorist groups / activities taking place in any Indian state, without any special permission from the states.

Conclusion

Terrorism has adversely affected India. Thousands of innocents have been killed due to terrorist attacks. Despite the formation of counter-terrorism agencies and their high strategies, terrorist groups are still successful in carrying out terrorist activities.

The Indian government’s response to terrorist attacks is never as harsh as it should be. Lack of proper strategic response to terrorist activities encourages terrorist organizations to carry out such activities fearlessly. ESSAY ON TERRORISM

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SANGAM AGE

Early humans in India

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